Old Broadcasting verses New Live Stream Technology

Old technology required hardware, television sets, and wiring. The hardware connected the television studio cameras to a switcher. The switcher board allowed the tech to select the camera angle and add text and graphics. The wiring connected the output to the televisions across the campus.  Both schools I work at do not have the hardware, wiring, or CRT TVs. The newer technology will enable me to stream live broadcasts verses having to air prerecorded broadcasts. Newer technology has removed the need for old CRT televisions and wiring from the output broadcast to the campus television network.  A basic live stream broadcast requires at least one camera, a broadcasting app or software,  and an internet connection. The audience, in a school, can view the live broadcast using a LCD projector or TV that is connected to a computer that is projecting the live stream.  The three most common locations to stream to are Facebook, YouTube, and Periscope. I personally do not use Periscope. I came across a number of inappropriate content and I would not want my students to be exposed to such material. 

Before we dive deep into the technology requirements for live streaming a news broadcast, I do want to point out that prerecorded broadcasts are an option. Prerecorded broadcasts have a list of benefits in comparison to live broadcasts. Some of these include the allowance for the talent to make mistakes, footage can be recorded on a wide variety of cameras that vary in quality. Lastly, you have the ability to custom edit the footage and use high end software like Adobe Premiere Pro, Adobe After Effects, and Adobe Illustrator. 

Go Lightstream

Cost: Free
Link: https://www.golightstream.com/
Camera(s):  Built in webcam 
Audio: Internal microphone
Text & Graphics: Yes, and very customization
Green Screen Capabilities: No
Streams to: Twitch, Facebook, YouTube, & Mixer
Description: Go Lightstream works well when using one built in web cam. It is very easy to add lower thirds and text. It is difficult to fit more than two people into the frame. You need to keep your subjects close to the computer so that the microphone will pick up the audio. Go Lightstream has the capability to add other web cameras. I found this not to work because the audio from all web cameras is able to be heard. There is also a lag in switching from one camera to another. This application works will for one camera angle with 1-2 speakers 3-6 feet from the web cam. Contact me if you have questions of need tech support.

Switcher Go & Switcher Studio

Switcher Go: Free     
Switcher Studio: $29.00 a month or $299 annually
Link: https://www.switcherstudio.com/
Camera (s): 1 to 9 ISO/Apple devices ( not compatible with Android)
Audio: Internal microphone / external audio
Text & Graphics: Yes, and very customization
Green Screen Capabilities: No
Streams to: Facebook and YouTube
Description: This is by far my favorite way to live stream. The only negatives I have at the moment is that you can not use green screen technology, you need a ton of free space on the device you record to, and there is no app for a Mac Book computer.  You will need at least one iPad to control all of the other cameras. I use a combination of iPhones and iPads. All of the devices must be connected to the same WiFi network. I use a soundboard with lavaliere microphones for my audio source. 
What is the Difference: Switcher Go vs. Switcher Studio


Cost: $300 - $800
Link: https://getmevo.com/
Camera (s): One Wide Angle Camera
Audio: Internal microphone / external audio
Text & Graphics: No
Green Screen Capabilities: No
Streams to: Facebook, YouTube,  Periscope, Livestream, & Vimeo
Description: The Mevo camera is one camera that functions like multiple cameras. You can use a tablet or smart phone to control the camera and select the areas you want to zoom in on. The app is available on both Apple and Droid devices. The Mevo camera does have a built in stereo microphone, I use external audio sources to increase the quality of the audio. The Mevo comes with a 16 gig micro SD card. The recorded videos are saved to the SD card. You have the option of recording without streaming live or recording and streaming live. I have not been able to live stream to Facebook using the school Wifi. I have to use my LTE to stream to Facebook while at campus.  The older version Mevo camera cost $299. The Mevo Plus cost $500. The Mevo Plus, Mevo Boost, & Tipod cost $800. The Mevo will record for about an hour on one charge. The Mevo boost will increase record time to 10 hours.

OBS ( Open Broadcast Software)

Cost: Free + cost of hardware
Link: https://obsproject.com/
Camera (s): Multiple Camera Angles 
Audio: Internal microphone / external audio
Text & Graphics: Yes, and very customization
Green Screen Capabilities: Yes
Streams to: Facebook, YouTube, Twitch, Mixer, and more
Description: OBS is free and has some powerful capabilities. The main benefit of OBS verses the other resources I have mentioned is that it has green screen capabilities. To add a camera other than the built in camera on a computer you will need to purchase some hardware. I have a Mac and I use a UltraStudio Mini Recorder.  It cost about $140 per unit. My Mac has two lightning ports, so I can only have two external cameras, which is enough for shooting school news. I shoot wide with one camera and get a close up with my second. I can also pull in my desktop as a video source. There are many tutorial on how to use OBS. Email me if I can help you set up your studio. 

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